It is an inevitable fact, that all of us will show the natural signs of ageing at some point or another. But the sudden appearance of fine lines and wrinkles along with age spots, in your late twenties or early thirties, can set the alarm bells ringing. The facial skin ages faster than the rest of the body. This is because the facial skin is much more delicate than the skin on any other part the body. Extended exposure to harsh environmental elements can also accelerate premature ageing of the face.
The best way to avoid premature ageing of your face is to determine the factor or factors which are directly or indirectly responsible for this problem. Identifying these factors can help to reduce or even prevent premature ageing of your face. Listed below are some top causes for premature ageing of facial skin.
Causes For Premature Ageing Of Face
1. Sun Exposure
The top cause for premature ageing of facial skin is extended sun exposure. Excessive exposure to the harsh UVA (ultra violet A) and UVB (ultra violet B) rays of the sun can result in oxidative stress of the skin. This in turn encourages the production of free radicals or unstable molecules.
A sudden increase in free radicals can cause a breakdown in the production of supportive connective tissues like collagen and elastin. Furthermore, an imbalance of free radicals can cause inflammation, hyper pigmentation and dehydration of the skin. The facial skin starts to look coarse and fine lines / wrinkles develop rapidly.
2. Facial Expression
The sudden appearance of fine line and wrinkles on the face can be attributed to habitual facial movements and expressions. Common facial expression like smiling, squinting or frowning can cause the facial muscles to contract. Repeated contraction of facial muscles can lead to the formation of furrows just below the skin’s surface. As we grow older, and the levels of skin collagen and elastin decreases, these grooves or furrows become permanent features on our face in the form of wrinkles and fine lines.
3. Sleeping Positions
Incorrect sleeping positions can hasten the formation of fine lines and wrinkles and lead to premature ageing of facial skin. Most people tend to sleep with their face pressed down on the pillow. This can accelerate the formation of fine lines on the forehead. Similarly, sleeping on your sides for long periods of time can cause wrinkles to appear on your chin and cheeks. Ideally, sleep on your back to avoid the signs of premature ageing of facial skin.
There is a definite link between stress and premature ageing of facial skin. People who are highly stressed out are more likely to notice the formation of fine lines and wrinkles on their face at a younger age. Extreme stress can increase the production of two hormones, namely adrenaline and cortisol. Elevated levels of adrenaline, due to excessive stress over an extended period of time, can cause depletion of nutrient stores in the body. Unless these vital nutrients are replenished adequately they can wreak havoc on our body and cause premature ageing of facial skin.
High levels of the stress hormone cortisol can impair the production of connective tissues like collagen and elastin. A sudden decline in the production of these connective tissues, which gives skin that plumped up look, can cause the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the face.
Smoking accelerates the natural ageing process of the skin. Regular smoking can hinder the skin’s ability to renew itself in an effective manner. Regular exposure to cigarette smoke can increase the production of an enzyme called matrix metalloprotineases.
A sudden increase in the levels of this particular enzyme can lead to a marked decline in existing collagen levels and in the production of new collagen. Decrease in the levels of collagen can hasten the formation of wrinkles and fine lines.
6. Harsh Weather Conditions
Harsh weather conditions, such as excessive heat or cold, can cause premature ageing of the facial skin. Extreme heat or cold weather conditions can rob the skin of natural moisture. Dry skin is more prone to premature ageing. If adequate steps are not taken to replenish the depleted moisture content of the skin, in the form of moisturizing skin creams and lotions, it can lead to the formation of fine lines and wrinkles.
7. Unbalanced Diet
An unbalanced diet can promote premature ageing of the skin. Eating a diet that is high in processed foods can lead to skin cell damage and premature ageing of facial skin. Similarly, a diet that is deficient in vital nutrients including essential vitamins and minerals can also cause facial skin to droop and sag prematurely. Furthermore, regular consumption of salty foods can cause the appearance of under eye bags which can make a person look much older than he or she actually is.
8. Lack Of Exercise
Another contributory factor for premature ageing of facial skin is lack of exercise. Mild to moderate intensity exercises can boost blood circulation. Improving blood circulation is essential to ensure that vital nutrients reach facial skin. To prevent premature ageing of skin it is important to follow some specific facial exercises. Performing facial exercises on a regular basis can tighten the facial muscles and prevent premature ageing of facial skin.
9. Excessive Sugar Intake
If you have a sweet tooth, chances are that your skin, especially your facial skin, will show the signs of premature ageing. When blood sugar levels spike, it leads to a process called glycation. Glycation can permanently damage the collagen which lies just below the skin’s surface. Once the collagen is damaged due to glycation process, it can cause the appearance of fine line and wrinkles. Furthermore, the skin will lose its natural tautness and begin to sag as well.
10. Alcohol Consumption
Like smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol can also accelerate the natural ageing process of the face. Drinking excessively can cause the facial skin to appear discolored. Additionally, heavy drinkers suffer from severe nutrient deficiency which can accelerate the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on their face. Regular consumption of alcohol can also cause the fine blood vessels which lie just below the skin’s surface to be damaged irreversibly, giving the skin a flushed appearance.