Liver is an important organ of our body that helps in making bile fluid. The main function of bile is to digest the fat in food. When the liver stops functioning normally, there is damage in the organ. The damage doesn’t happen suddenly. It happens slowly for many years before the liver fails to work completely. It leads to serious medical condition. The affected person has nausea, sleepiness, fatigue, abdomen swelling, diarrhea and jaundice.
The person can go into coma. There is mental confusion and loss of appetite. Early detection of this problem can help in controlling the disease. Some patients may need liver transplant. It is important to know why the liver becomes damaged. It will help you in preventing the disease. We will discuss the causes of this problem. Following are the 8 main causes of liver damage.
8 Main Causes Of Liver Damagel:
Hepatitis scars the liver and damages it. The main cause of this problem is viral infection. The infection spreads from patient to other persons through blood and body fluids. It is important to treat the infection or it can even lead to the death of the affected person. Hepatitis A, B and C are the main types of this disease.
Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease is a condition in which the liver fails to function properly. The liver becomes scarred, inflamed and injured due to this. Fat deposits in liver are the main cause of this disease. Taking fatty diet causes this condition. Starvation, malnutrition, weight loss, diabetes, hypertension and high lipids levels are some other causes of fatty liver disease.
Overweight people have an increased risk of liver damage. Obesity causes fat deposition near the liver. It can destroy the functioning capacity of liver leading to cirrhosis and fatty liver. Thus, an increased body weight is an alarming sign that shows that your liver may be at risk.
Taking some types of medicines increases the risk of liver damage. Medicines like antibiotics, corticosteroids and anticonvulsants are not good for you. They are very harmful for the liver. Synthetic estrogens taken by women to treat menopause problems and NSAID drugs can also cause liver damage. Immune suppressant medicines taken by arthritis patients are not good for liver. You should know the health risks of taking these medicines.
Cancer can damage the liver and it is the chief reason of deaths in patients affected by it. When there is uncontrolled cell growth in liver, it causes liver cancer. The cancer cells can also reach the liver from cancer affecting other body parts. Cancer can occur in bile duct also.
Genetic diseases that are transferred to children from their parents are one of the causes of liver damage. When parents pass abnormal genes to children, it may lead to liver problems in some people. Hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease are some examples of diseases in which a person suffers from liver problems due to genetic reasons.
Alcohol consumption is the major cause of liver damage. A large number of men and women are addicted to alcohol today. It is a poison for liver cells. Drinking alcohol is not good for you as it inflames the liver. Excess intake of alcohol makes the liver fatty and stops its normal functioning.
Smoking is another bad habit that can cause many health problems including liver disease. The cigarette smoke contains chemicals that damage the liver by increasing the burden of oxidative stress. Thus, you should know that the cigarettes you smoke could cause liver damage.