Our wrist is made up of eight small bones, also called carpal bones, connected with two long forearm bones and hand bones by tough bands of ligament. When any part of your wrist gets damaged, you feel pain in your wrist and hand while using it. Hand and wrist pain can occur because of everyday wear and tear and often due to overuse. Injury or old age, calcium deficiency, arthritis, diabetes, thyroid disease and many other medical conditions can cause wrist and hand pain. There are some other causes of wrist and hand pain also.
List Of Causes And Remedies For Hand And Wrist Pain
Causes Of Wrist Pain
1. Repetitive Stress
Pain, tenderness or swelling can occur from repetitive activity over and over like hitting a tennis ball or playing badminton. Similarly writer’s cramp develops on the hands and fingers by activities such as writing or typing.
Wrist injuries like sprain, strain or even fracture can occur, when you fall forward with your hand stretched.
3. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Increased pressure on one of the nerves (median nerve) that passes through wrist joint (carpal tunnel) is called carpal tunnel syndrome.
Osteoarthritis of the wrist occurs when the cartilage that cushions the wrist bones weakens. But arthritis in the wrist is not very common. It usually affects people who have a history of wrist injury in the past. While in rheumatoid arthritis, wrist pain is quite common. If one wrist is affected, the other one may also get affected.
Wrist tendonitis is caused by inflammation of the tendon sheath. It causes swelling and pain on the wrist.
6. Ganglion Cyst
A ganglion cyst, a fluid filled soft tissue cyst, most often occurs on the back part of the wrist opposite your palm. They may grow in size but they are not cancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body. Smaller cyst causes more pain than the larger ones.
7. Kienbock’s Disease
When blood supply to the wrist bone is compromised, the small bones in the wrist collapse.
Gout is another condition in which body under-excretes or overproduces uric acid. The high uric acid forms crystal and deposits in the joints. It can also affect wrist joints.
Home Remedies For Hand And Wrist Pain
Hand and wrist pain are quite common these days. Rather than taking analgesic tablets, which often have side effects, try these simple home remedies which will help to reduce pain and inflammation in your hands and wrist.
9. Ice Pack
To ease pain caused by carpal tunnel syndrome, cooling the wrist with ice pack can bring quick relief. Wrap ice pack in a thin towel or plastic bag and apply on your wrist for few minutes. Reapply after taking a break for few minutes. Continue this treatment for 15-20 minutes. The cold pack will reduce soreness and pain and bring relief. Repeat this treat after every 1 or 2 hours.
10. Heat Therapy
Heat therapy can relax the muscles and ease pain. Either use heat pad or soak your wrist and hand in hot water after adding a cup of Epsom salt. Epsom salt is rich in magnesium and helps to reduce nerve pain. Doing this 2-3 times a week for several days will reduce pain, inflammation and stiffness of the wrist joints. Wear a splint at night to provide support to your hand and wrist joint.
11. Ginger Tea
The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of ginger can aid in reducing hand and wrist pain. Drinking ginger tea or adding ginger in your food can decrease the inflammation and bring relief. Boil a cup of water after adding a small piece of ginger. Strain and add 1 tsp honey and drink. Continue drinking ginger tea 2-3 times a day until pain is completely gone.
Eating cherries can help to reduce wrist and hand pain and increase mobility. Cherries contain anthocyanin, the phytonutrients- powerful antioxidants that help to block inflammation inhibiting pain enzymes. Drinking 10-12 ounce of cherry juice for a week can strengthen the joints and reduce the pain.
13. Apple Cider Vinegar
The alkaline and anti-inflammatory properties can be good remedy for treating hand and wrist pain. . Mix 1tbsp apple cider vinegar in a warm glass of water; add 1 tsp. honey and drink on empty stomach in the morning.
14. Olive Oil
Olive oil contains a special compound known as oleocanthal that help to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes. Regular massage with olive oil will help to reduce pain and inflammation.
Garlic contains sulfur which is effective in relieving pain and inflammation. Besides this garlic also contains selenium which has anti-rheumatic properties. Heat 2tbsp. mustard oil after adding 2-3 chopped cloves of garlic. Massage this oil on the affected hands and wrist gently. Gradually stiffness and inflammation will be gone.
Refrain from doing excessive movement on the affected wrist or hand. If the sprain is the cause of your pain, then simply giving rest to your hand or wrist will be a good solution. If pain persists after using home remedies, take assistance of orthopedic specialists.