Diabetes is a metabolic disease. It affects your complete lifestyle. Millions of people in this world have diabetes. Poorly controlled diabetes can have elevated risk of nerve damage, heart disease, kidney damage, high blood pressure, poor blood circulation and many other health risks. Diabetes is characterized by excess sugar (glucose) in the blood. When your body is unable to produce enough insulin- a pancreatic hormone that does the job of balancing blood sugar level or cells does not respond to insulin correctly,-the glucose collects in the blood instead of getting used by the cells for energy. This is where the trouble begins. The body starts sending signals that something isn’t working right.
How To Prevent Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is preventable if you do not ignore the early warning signs. Often symptoms are so mild that they go unrecognized. The longer one goes without diagnosis, greater are risk for complications listed above. So, it is better to get assessed on a regular basis if you are overweight or have a family history of diabetes. A simple blood test can diagnose whether you have diabetes or pre-diabetes. If you are feeling off, watch out for these early symptoms. Early warning signs to watch for Both types of diabetes may have these indicative warning signs:
1. Intense Hunger:
Your body converts foods into glucose that feeds the cells to produce energy. When due to lack of insulin cell cannot absorb glucose, your body looks for other source to fuel your body which causes persistent hunger.
2. Frequent Urination (Polyuria):
If you feel urge to urinate more often, and wake up during the night for relieving yourself, this could be a warning sign. As kidneys can’t keep up excess glucose levels, they work harder to get rid of them, making you urinate often.
3. You Feel Thirstier Than Usual:
Urinating a lot consequently makes you feel thirstier by developing dry mouth. Because your body is using fluid to make pee, it becomes dehydrated. As a result your mouth often feels dry and you feel thirstier than usual. If you use juice, soda, cold drinks to quench your thirst, these sugary beverages will accumulate excess sugar in the bloodstream, which can further increase your risk of getting diabetes.
4. Dry Mouth And Itchy Skin:
Since your body uses fluids to make pee, you get dehydrated. Not only your mouth feels dry, your skin also becomes dry and itchy. Dry mouth can also cause oral and dental problems like gum disease by allowing bacteria to breed.
5. Unexplained Weight Loss Or Weight Gain:
When cells do not get sufficient glucose, the body begins using proteins from your muscles instead. This causes rapid, unexplained weight loss. On the contrary, increased consumption of carbohydrates and sugary foods due to uncontrolled hunger can cause weight gain also.
Excessive tiredness or fatigue is an important warning sign which you must pay attention to. As your body constantly compensating the lack of glucose in the cells, you are not getting the enough fuel your body needs to produce energy. As a result you feel tired and sluggish. Due to frequent urination and thirst your sleep also gets interrupted which further lowers the level of your energy and you feel exhausted.
7. Blurred Vision:
High blood sugar can also affect your eyes. Due changed fluid levels in your body the lenses of the eyes may swell up and changes their shape which makes the vision blurred. You can also experience sudden flash of light and gradually vision gets distorted.
8. Yeast Infection:
Elevated level of sugar in urine and vagina can make you more prone to yeast and urinary tract infection. Since bacteria and yeast thrive quickly on sugary environment, when blood sugar levels are elevated, infection can become more common. Yeast infection like candida infection is frequent one in women. Besides bacterial infections moist fold of the skin like under the breast, between fingers and toes or around sex organs can be a common complaint.
9. Foot Pain And Numbness:
Prolonged elevated blood sugar levels can result in complications before you may realize you have diabetes. One complication among them is nerve damage which causes numbness and tingling sensation in feet.
10. Slow Healing Of Sores And Cuts:
If blood sugar level remains high for longer period, it can affect the blood flow and process that helps body heal is compromised. This makes healing of cuts and wounds slow.
These symptoms do not show up suddenly. It picks up gradually. If you are experiencing any of these early signs, do not hesitate to talk to doctor and get evaluated on regular basis, especially if your overweight or you have family history of diabetes. Successful treatment, proper diet and exercise reduce the risk factor of diabetes.